The coast of black residents, which means Zanzibar, owes its original meaning from the Arabic words; “Zenj” that means black or colored and “Bar” which means coast.
It is located 25 miles from the Tanzania mainland through the shallow channel across the narrowest point of Indian Ocean.
Zanzibar lies on the coast of Africa and consists of Unguja Island and Pemba Island, with several surrounding islets.
The archipelago has an interesting biodiversity, containing habitats such as tropical rain forest, mangrove, coastal aquatic and marine, al these are home to wide variety of plant species, while wildlife includes various endemic mammals, birds and invertebrates.
With the Stone town, Zanzibar’s old quarter, It has been called the ‘only functioning historical city in East Africa’ and is so little changed since 1850s that Burton and Speke might just, it seems, have left for the interior last week.
The best way to appreciate this is to walk as explorers did, through the old streets
WHEN TO GO
Zanzibar is actually a year-around destination but in term of weather the best time to visit Zanzibar is undoubtedly between mid-May and mid-October when temperature averages 26 centigrade.
This can soar to well over 30 degrees in the hot season from December to March.
During November (the ‘short rains’) and between April and June (the ’long rains’), rain is higher.